Smart Card Applications

::  Telecommunication

::  Public Telephony

::  Finance

::  Retail

::  Transport

::  Entertainment

::  Healthcare

::  Personal identification

::  Information technology

::  Public Sector Units

::  Industrial Units

::  Education


Contactless Smart Card Technology for the following:


      Identification , Personal Information & Attendance Monitoring

o     Access Control

o     Electronic Wallet- Fee/Fine  Payment, Canteen Management

o     Library Management




     The Contactless Smart Card systems can work in stand-alone mode and come with a local memory.

Thus even when the network link is down the system registers the attendance.

   The system can also be used to issue visitors & gate pass.

   The  System  displays  the  Photograph  of  the  Student/employee  on  the Attendance  Monitoring

 Terminal  on  showing  of  his  card  for  recording  of attendance.

   The software is network compatible, hence gives option of connecting multiple kiosk  / readers to  the

 network and share information and  store data  is a centralized server.


Mifare Contactless Smart Card

Based on Contactless Philips Mifare Technology

   Reads ID Card on show within 5 cm

   1 KB Storage Capacity in Card

   1,00,000 read/write cycles


   ISO and EMC Compliant


The Mifare Reader Module is a miniature read/write device to access Mifare CSCs. It includes various serial

communication interfaces and offers user-defined I/Os. It consists of a Philips Mifare reader IC, and a C

 with a serial interface packed in RF shielding box, plastic cover of epoxy coated. It is a highly integrated

reader module for contactless communication at 13.56MHz, and utilizes outstanding modulation and demodulation

 concept  completely  integrated  for  all  kinds  of  passive  contactless communication  methods  and  

protocols  at  13.56MHz.  It  supports  all  layers  of ISO14443A.  The  internal  transmitter  part  is  able  to  

drive  a  50    impedance matching antenna designed for proximity operating distance (up to 100mm)

directly without additional active circuitry. The receiver part provides a robust and efficient

 implementation of a demodulation and decoding circuitry for signals from ISO14443A compatible

 transponders. It communicates via a serial protocol with a host computer or a C. It  is  designed  for

  fast  integration into handheld  or portable devices.  The typical reading range is 50~100mm depending

 on antenna and card/tag. Because of its miniature size, standard footprint and power consumption control,

 the module can be embedded easily into existing data collection applications such as access control

 reader, epos terminal, handheld card scanner, etc. 


Main Features of the Mifare Reader Module


   Operating frequency 13.56 MHz

   Accessible via serial protocols (9600 to 57600 baud, by jumper setting)

   Serial channel such as RS232 with driver, or RS232, RS422, RS485 TTL

level, industrial Wiegand and ABATrack II data format

   RTS function for PC / C connection of polling-free (TBA)

   5 VDC power supply

   Power Down Mode (TBA)

   Maximum five free usable I/O-pins

   Unique serial number of each MRM500 (readable per software)

   Integrated 50 balun (abbreviation for Balanced to Unbalanced)

transformer for matching antenna impedance

   Directly matched antenna output

   Standard DIP 28 pin footprint with 0.1 pitch and 0.6 row spacing

   106 kbaud data communication rate between MRM500 and Mifare CSC

   Data encryption and authentication between MRM500 and Mifare CSC

   Authentication key memory for keys (Key A/Key B) for each of the sixteen sectors of Mifare CSC


   Error detection for communication between MRM500 and Mifare CSC

(CRC, parity check)

   Error detection for communication between host and reader

   Power-on reset

   RF Shielded for whole module (Package type A)

   Complies to EMC standards






Security has become prime concern at all major buildings in India. Especially  security  and  access  of  individual  at  buildings  with maintenance of  automated log  is the solution.  Every individual without any human intervention is tagged with his access rights to through  the  various  doors  of  the   building  and  a   complete automatic log to his access details with date/time is maintained at the server. 

The   backend   software   controls   the various   hardware   like controller,  door  locks  in a synchronized manner for a fast and efficient  locking/unlocking  mechanism  with  data  capture  at multiple  points  simultaneously.  The  software  further  provides option for on-screen viewing of reports, search and deny access option  to  individual  card  holders  by  administration.  Network enabled software provides viewing of reports at multiple nodes at the same time within the network even at remote location. 




All  individual  of  the  building  will  be  issued  a  Access  Card  [Smart  Card]  with personalization i.e.

the card will display the following 


   1.  Photograph of the Card Holder

2.  Name

3.  Department

4.  Designation

5.  Blood Group

6.  Signature of the Issuing Authority 


The micro-chip will contain the following 


1.  ID No.

2.  Access Rights through Doors [i.e. Door Nos.] 


The Doors will be fitted with automatic door locks and smart card readers, on display of his Access

Card to the door, the reader will automatically verify the authenticity of the Smart Card and check

 whether he has the access through this door or not. On correct verification of his access rights

 the door lock will automatically unlatch and the individual will be granted access. Incase of unauthorized

access the door lock will not unlatch, hence denying access.


For visitors to the building, Visitor Cards can be issued with predefined access rights to the Door No.

 /Corridor No. and a similar process as mentioned above is followed, hence denying any visitor to venture

in other areas of the building apart from where his access is granted for. On completion of his work the

 visitor will hand back his Access Card to the reception and the card can be reviewed to check where

all he has tried to access and also time spent in the building. 

The total above process is logged by the computer automatically and reports can be generated online and

also verified for a particular period incase of any breach in the security. 

The  above  mentioned  system  is  a  vital  tool  to  help  in  maintaining  security  at buildings and

is widely used internationally. 


Multidoor Access Controller is a Cost Effective solution suitable for all environments. It  manages upto

1/4/8/16 Mifare Card Reader (Wiegand Compatible)  installed  at various doors in an organization.

The low cost, small, attractively packaged front end Readers are connected to the Controller in

a Star Connection and the Lock release output is driven from the Controller itself. Hence no

intelligent hardware is required at the door end.


It provides a field configurable intelligent Engine for taking care of any organizations access  control

requirement  .The  controller  can  be  configured  using  front-end

Software, all the  Access decisions are taken by  the controller making  it truly a standalone system

independent of PC. It can be used in on-line mode for larger PC Controlled Building Management

 System. Multiple Controllers can be networked on a RS485 bus or on an Ethernet Network with

suitable hardware for larger application. 


Contactless Smart Card Reader


Contact less Smart card Reader also works on Proximity technology. The Smart card is Read/Write type & can be personalized with the Card holder information. Smart card can also store Finger image for


stringent Access. Smart Card Reader may be used (Read range: 25mm).


Hardware Features


16 Reader Interface

Panel supports 16 Wiegand Reader interface. The Reader type supported is Proximity or Smart Card Reader.

 Readers draws power from the panel and individually be upto

100 m cable distance from Panel.


16 Relay Output for Lock Operation

The relay outputs are available for Lock Release, &is tagged to one or more Reader for door

 operation  as per  requirement.12V  wet contact  can be  provided from  the Bulk Power Supply

 for Lock operation.


16 Exit Push Switch Input

There is a provision for 16 Exit Push Switches & is paired with the lock, it is going to release.

 The switch is normal Push Button offering momentary contact. The lock is operated upon usage

 for Lock On-Time.


16 Lock Feedback Input

For monitoring the status of the Door (i.e. Open or Close), Lock feedback input is used. The Lock

 feedback is paired  with  a lock.  It is also useful  for  Turnstile, for locking the same upon rotation.


8 General Purpose Input (GPI)

There is a provision for Potential free  contact inputs, which  can be input  from Fire/Intruder  Alarm

 panel  and  can  be  programmed  to  make  the  Controller  Fail Safe/Fail Secure, in emergency situation.


8 General Purpose Output (GPO)

The  General  purpose  outputs  are  available  for  Alarm  annunciation  in  case  of emergencies.  The

 GPOs  are  paired  with  GPI  s.  Potential  free  contact  may  be optionally provided.



Bulk Lock power Supply

A Bulk 12V Power Supply is centrally connected to the controller to power the locks thereby 

removing the necessity for  power  supplies near lock.  6  core multistrand

(each  core  14/36)  shielded  cable  for  Reader  is  used.  One  Pair  of  electrical multistrand

cable (each core 1.5 sq mm) is used for Lock operation, Lock Feedback

(DOTL) and Exit Switch. The cable runs from each Door to Controller. Cable length should be within

 100 m.



Computer can  be connected to a single  Controller  within 15 m using RS232, or multiple  controllers

 thru  RS485  upto  1.2  Km  in  bus  topology  or  thru  add  on Ethernet interface for plugging into

the TCP//IP network.




Many successful E-purse  schemes have  been implemented in  "close communities" including  college

 campuses,  clubs,  food  malls,  shopping  complex  and  massive transportation  services.  It  could

  be  applied  to  fast  food  outlets,  laundromats, photocopy machines, fax services and vending

machines. Generally speaking, debit and  prepaid  cards  for  small  value  payments  will  soon  be 

common  when  more merchants accept this payment scheme. 


The future of smart card in electronic commerce is not just in payment cards, but also  loyalty  

cards,airline  tickets  and  other  value-added  cards.     Customers preferences, bonus and other

 information could be kept in the card. Companies could then  obtain their  customers preferences

and shopping  histories for planning  more customer-oriented marketing strategies. The

 card  could  also  be  personalized  to hold the cardholder's profile. In this way, companies

could become more competitive in attracting customers. 


Smart card as electronic wallet 


In the future, the smart card would be used for payment in different aspects. They could be 

used for  both bankcard and prepaid debit card functions. Furthermore, because the smart card is

easily portable, it could be used for both online and offline payment. 

In  the  area  of  electronic  commerce,  smart  cards  can  be  used  for  storing  and protecting

a number of keys. With the use of smart card for payment, security risk could be reduced

as each transaction is considered an individual event. Furthermore, even if a particular smart

card is hacked, the user account will still be safe. 


Together with the use  of  the pin  number,  biometrics and visual  verification  smart cards can

prevent  unauthorized  access  and  users privacy  and security could be achieved. 

When  electronic  payment  is  widely  accepted  in  daily  uses,  transactions  would become

more efficient. A single card could be used for different applications. 


Smart e-Purse at Campus 


The Smart  Card  system  application software enables  simple administration of the smart  card's

electronic purse. The  Student  details are  easily maintained on the system with the ability to add

 a Student onto the system, edit an existing Student's information  and delete a Student from the

system. Students  are maintained in categories where, among other things, the category determines

 the credit limit and access privileges for the Student. Clicking one button will initialize a Smart card

for a Student. If lost, a Smart card can be hot listed. A new card can be issued by clicking a

button and the Student's current balance will be automatically transferred. Funds can be added or

 removed from the card by simply showing the card to the reader Clicking on a transaction type

(Credit, Debit) Entering an amount Clicking "Write to Card". A statement can be printed detailing

the Student's purchase history.


Transactions  can be listed  in detail or summary format  by  date and location. This software can

be in integrated with the existing system 


Based on type of facility the Smart card system will perform the following function: 


a.  When the semester starts the student is expected to load some cash on the

Card. This is done by placing the student card on the reader.

b.  The student then uses the card for all cash transactions within the campus.

c.   Every time the cash goes below the designated level the student is advised to re-load the

card with cash.

d.  All fee payments are made with this card

e.  The student Card is also used to make payments for all canteen charges

f.  All fines are also paid using this card. The card is blocked in case the student has some

pending charges. 


All facilities in operational infrastructure will consist of one PC/POS, one Smart Card Terminal fitted

and one POS terminal. Figure below shows the infrastructure setup at the club. The PC/POS

 will be loaded  with Application  module  and a Smart Card Terminal will be connected to it. The

PC/POS will in turn be networked to the central server. 


A complete canteen  management software in the  form of a POS is available to manage the orders

and payments from the student in the canteen.


Cash transactions are also done through the same software in the PoS.




System components

Check-in & Check-out kiosks / counters

Gate reader antennas

RFID book labels

RFID smart cards (paper cards for student ID)



The Solution


This  solution  will  take  care  of  most  of  the  operations  that  are  currently  done manually,

like lending/borrowing of books, returning of books, collection of fine-fee

(incase of  late deposit of  books),  inventory checks, books being stolen from the library,

 book circulation and management of inventory. Use of RFID book labels in library enables  self check-in /

 checkout, better inventory management, efficient tracking and tracing of books. The checkout system

solution for books can also be simultaneously linked to anti-theft control  systems via use  of gate

  reader antenna solutions for better management of movement of library books. 



All books will be pasted with RFID labels. A technical description of the book labels is mentioned  herein

  (separately).  The  technology  works  on  13.56  MHz  frequency. Every student also has his / her

 own ID card which also has the same technology chip. All RFID labels pasted on books are

customized with the book name, authors name, accession number of the book & other details

 if necessary (memory on chip of book label is 384 bits). Similarly all student ID cards contain  the

personalized information of the student. 


Technical Specification of library book label


Product used         TTP-Label   55x55-PH  (Thermal   Transfer  Paper  Label,

55x55 mm, using Philips iCode chip,  plain  white and

100% tested to function) 


Feature TTP Label 55x55-PH

Recommended Operating Frequency 13.56 MHz
Factory programmed Read Only Number  64 bits ID
Memory (user programmable) 384 bits
Typical programming cycles 100,000
Antenna size (l x w) 45x45 mm
Dimensions (l x w) 55x55 mm
Technology iCode
Anti-collision * Up to 30 tags/second
Operating distance * Up to 1 feet
Inlay base material Substrate PET /PVC
Antenna Copper
Operating temperature -20C to +70C
Storage temperature (recommended) 20C 5C
Adhesion Permanent     adhesive                 for wide  range  of  applications on     books,     CD,       video cassettes, etc
Printability Thermal Transfer Printable surface
Delivery form Reel with 250 units per reel, other   forms   available   on request

 * Depending on antenna  size,  label size, power supply  and  RFID rules governing each country and

 region. This new technology  of implementing RFID  labels  for library  books  enables a high degree

in  process automation compared to the conventional manual systems. It increases speed, efficiency

 and accuracy.The delivery form for this product is in reel format however the size of the label and number

 of labels on each reel can be designed according to specific application or customer request.

 The paper labels can be individually printed using standard Thermal Transfer RFID Printers just like

any other labels in standard printers.

Check-In/Check-Out Kiosks or Counters

It consists of  a screen monitor,  mid-range  reader with pad  antenna. A technical specification of

this equipment is mentioned below: - 

Recommended Operating Frequency  13.56 MHz
Technology    iCode, ISO 15693
Product dimensions (l x w x h) Reader (Module 85 x 145 x 31 mm)
Pad Antenna   240 x 340 x 9 mm
Weight Reader 200 g
Pad Antenna  530 g
Power supply 12 VDC max
Protection Reader IP 30
Antenna IP 20
Anti-collision functionality Supported
Operating distance Read only and Read / Write

Up to 30  cm in maximum read range with transponder antenna size 45 x 76 mm over Reader Antenna

Communication / Connection RS 232 interface  for  reader and SMA connector, Cable 2 m for Antenna
Operating temperature Reader -20C to +60C Antenna      0C to + 55C
Storage temperature (recommended) Reader  +20C to +70C
Antenna +20C to +85C
Casing unit Special design plastic case
Delivery contents Mid-range   Reader    Module, Pad Antenna, Smart Labels, tags,  tickets,         VDC  power supply, Cable  for  interface, User    documentation    and demonstration software
Minimum software requirements

Windows   9x,   NT   3.5   or later, Internet Explorer  4.0 or later

Minimum Hardware requirements

Pentium PC  with 133  MHz,

16  MB  RAM,  and  20  MB

free-disk space

Restrictions on usage Some            approvals                and features  may    vary    by country  and  may         change without notice. Please check with    your   nearest   sales office         for        further information.


 The incorporation of this equipment into kiosks gives it the functionality of acting as self

check-in or checkout counters. The operational procedure works as below

 The student who wants to borrow the books picks his choice of books from the shelf, comes to

the kiosk, shows his / her ID card and then places all books (to be borrowed) on the space 

provided in the kiosk. He  / she will automatically see  the display of his card, and book

information on the screen which once ticked will allow or authorize the student to carry

the book outside the premises of the library. Similarly, during returning of books, the student

 simply comes to the kiosk and drops off his book in the socket provided for the same one

at a time. During this process he/she also sees on the display screen the information of the

book being returned.

Student ID Cards

All  personnel  using the library usually have his / her own student ID card, this enables the

student to borrow or return books from the library. In the RFID library management system,

the students are given smart cards with contact less RFID chip embedded in them.

This helps the library to note when a student has arrived in the library (real-time systems),

helps for access control, time and  attendance  for all library staff

(when they pass through the entrance gates) and manage the fine or late payment for returning of books. 

Smart ticket,  which  is made  either of paper or film, based material.  It is tear- resistant  and  has a life 

 period of more than a year,  if  properly maintained by the student either in his wallet or handbag /

 purse. Since the cover material is paper or film based, it is much cheaper than plastic PVC cards which

 are now available quite commonly  and  are more expensive than the above-mentioned products. 

It is not only  flexible,  which  makes the  product easily to be  carried in a wallet,

but also durable to last long. The product used  is  TDP-Ticket  54x86-PH03 

(Thermal  Direct Paper Ticket, 54x86 mm, using Philips iCode chip, plain white and 100% tested to function). 


These ID cards are especially suitable for hands-free access and allow the change of information inside

 the transponder chip. Optimized for a variety of applications, this product comes in basic version 

of Thermal Direct or  Thermal Transfer printable surface  material. PVC  or PET  surface material

products  are  available on request, which will be variation for demand of long-life time of the product. 


This  highly  reliable  and  user-friendly  product  is  convenient  to  use  for  efficient management

  at  controlling gate  stations  for  continuous  and  increased   data transparency. 

Gate Reader Antenna Solution

It is one of the most important components in the library management system. This gate solution

acts as a multi-purpose hardware that can easily log entry of a visitor or personnel in to the

library recording the time when he / she had entered or left the library premises, it will also verify

 the items taken from the library against every individual (member who holds the smart ID card)

or issue a warning signal incase of any  theft,  counter-check  the  books  issued  to  students

 and  update  the  system accordingly. Gates are easily mounted and are connected with warning

 light signals and also sound alarms to inform the security personnel that some mischief has taken


 A technical specification of the gate reader / antenna solution is mentioned as below. Also please

find the picture of the gate solution.

Feature Reader Module

Dimension (h x w x d) 180 x 152 x 98 mm
Weight 3.1 kg
Input power AC85V~250V/47Hz~63 Hz
Output power 4 W     Connection             BNC
Communication with PC                                            RS 232

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Features Gate Antenna Module

Dimension (h x w x d) 190 x 75 x 5 cm
Weight 8.2 kg
Frequency 13.56 MHz
Reading distance 90 cm ~ 120 cm
Color Light gray
Material ABS    Length
of Cable 2.5 m
Kind of Cable Coaxial Cable


Backbone software which links the check-in and check-out solution with gate reader

/ antenna solution  and other devices is available. Customization software for RFID book labels is also

available along with customization of Student ID smart cards. This software can be modified

according to specific customer requirements.

 Gate Reader / Antenna Solution with long-range reader module and gate antenna for better

reading distance and efficiency.

All right reserved to : Smart Card India
Designed and Developed By : Smart Card India

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